Skin tumors are the most commonly observed cancers in the whole population. There are three main types of skin cancers whose behaviors, courses, progressions, and appearances vary.
The greatest risk in the formation of skin tumors is Ultraviolet (UV) rays. New skin lesions on the face and in the areas that are exposed to the Sun, moles (nevus), which have been present for some time, but have changed in structure, non-healing wounds, wounds that appear in old burns or in discharge areas are a warning for skin cancer. It is important that all patients in whom such lesions are detected consult with a plastic surgery specialist, and make necessary examinations. During this examination, if necessary, the diagnosis can be confirmed with a biopsy.
After the diagnosis of skin cancer, the next step is to decide which approach would be more proper for the treatment modality. The critical point in this step is early diagnosis. In early diagnosed patients, surgical interventions are carried out in smaller sizes compared to advanced stages; and this improves the postoperative recovery and the cosmetic results of the patient. Skin cancer reconstruction options vary from simple to complex as follows; removing the lesion from the safe border and suturing, flap (tissue) transfer from the surrounding tissue, and flap (tissue) transfer from a distant area, respectively. When necessary, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be applied following the removal of lymph nodes in addition to these procedures.